The legal and policy framework on statelessness in Germany has both positive and negative aspects. Germany is state party to relevant human rights instruments but retains two key reservations to the 1954 Convention. Comprehensive population data is published online, including on statelessness, but without a dedicated procedure to identify and determine statelessness (SDP), estimates for the stateless population remain inaccurate. There are other administrative procedures through which statelessness can be identified and some caselaw on the determination of nationality status, but no residence rights - or protection status - are granted to people in Germany on the basis of statelessness.
The law establishes that a country of removal must be set prior to detaining, and procedural safeguards are in place to protect against arbitrary detention. However, Germany has entered into readmission agreements that enable stateless people to be removed to countries of former residence. German nationality law prevents statelessness in some cases, but there is a legal residence requirement for children born stateless in Germany to acquire nationality, and barriers to birth registration in practice.